The Package-Unit System
The Old Hollywood with its base of power and authority centralized in the major studios was decentralized through The New Hollywood era to independent producers and filmmakers. This transition was accompanied by a new style of Hollywood film production known as "the package-unit system." Instead of the studios mass producing films, film production was transferred to independent filmmakers. The package-unit system allowed independent film producers to organize a film project, obtain its financing, and arrange for all of the workers, facilities, and equipment through leasing arrangements with a major studio and other supporting film companies.
Schatz, Thomas. (1988). "The Genius of the System: Hollywood Filmmaking in the Studio Era." New York, New York: Henry Holt and Company.